IP address administration (IPAM) is the process of arranging, following and dealing with the usage of IP address ranges in systems of an exceptionally expansive size. ISPs and substantial scale undertakings are confronted with the mind-boggling challenges related with dealing with their IP spaces ideally on a day to day basis.

IP locations are an essential piece of any DNS business system, and corporations of all shapes and sizes are dominating them at a rapid pace with more entries and expedients than any other time in recent memory. Surpassing the centrality of managing a grip on IP locations can become the precursor of catastrophe. IP locations are a standout amongst the most problematic resources that should be regulated in any system for your DNS security. Each network request and device – from email and web interconnections to document, server farm, stockpiling, and net-associated printers – relies upon IP and requires address management. Which is why it is extremely important to look at the challenges one might face in the course of this progression:

  • Manual configuration of alarge pool of host IP addresses. This process is quite prone to errors and is overly time-consuming as it requires a network administrator at all times to sort out the mess. A detailed list of parameters and portions is necessarily maintained and this makes it a burden.
  • Lack of Host to IP address mapping protocols and procedures. A hostname is a human-readable name by which a grid device (like a computer, server, modem, or printer) is identified on a network. Without hostname-to-IP-address mapping, network overseers would need to look up the location of devices physically, a very inefficient process.
  • Limited reliability and space of such systems. Fault tolerance and redundancy are crucial to the success of IP networks. The IPv4 specification provides an address array storage of thirty-two bits, which characterizes over four billion discourses. Even with all the upcoming advancements, the limitations of IPv4 will remain.
  • Lack of perspective on IP consumption trends.IP address management encumbers you and your team with directorial overheads that are bulky, onerous and may also prove to be error-prone.
  • A large plethora of security loopholes which may have been hidden most of the time.
  • Lack of single point visibility of large-scale
  • Overt complexity in network management which is a bane to simple IP address management.

Despite all these challenges which vary in their structural complexity as well as solution innovations, the presence of IPAM software has reduced many hurdles from the path of efficient and multifariously managed IP network administration procedures. In such an environment, an incorporated DHCP/DNS crossing point with setup wizards can facilitate the job of overseers with extraordinary litheness and ease of alignment. A DHCP facility uses arrangements to rapidly form up address ranges and domains based on the classification of data that is fed to it.

For instance, each system section may have the initial 20 addresses saved for servers, the next 10 addresses for printers, the following 10 for portable workstation clients and the staying for PCs.

Space inclinations permit administrators to set space security settings for zone exchanges, DDNS, inform, thequery also, and design. At the point when the IP address of a host is changed, its DNS data is powerfully refreshed by DDNS to relate the current host name with the new IP address. This preparation permits you to dispose of WINS from your system and give a comprehensive perspective of your system. Adaptation to non-critical failure and repetition are vital to the achievement of an IP what’s more, DNS administration arrangement. Any economically accessible DHCP arrangement must bolster the most recent IETF draft for DHCP Failover. DHCP and DNS administration programming ought to keep running on Windows, Solaris, and Linux situations with an electronic administration utility to screen, arrange and oversee administrations from any working framework.

In this way, a little can go a long way in successful IP address management.

When the IANA started keeping track of IP addresses back in the 90s, no one expected the global phenomena that the internet would become. 32 bits that were once considered more than necessary are now obsolete and the transition to IPv6 is becoming more and more imminent.

The western hemisphere has already begun the migration to IPv6 with the US Government leading the way. The use of the new Internet Protocols has increased dramatically over the past year, however, for homes and businesses looking to make this transition, there may be a few pitfalls along the way.

What is IPv6?

Before we talk about the challenges in IPv6 adoption, let us discuss what is IPv6. Internet Protocol version 6 or IPv6 for short is the next generation of rules that is needed when communicating traffic from one point to another on the interweb. IPv6 was designed to replace IPv4 when it became evident that Version 4 was no longer viable.

IPv6 uses 128 bits to configure users’ address locations in order to send and receive data packets. In contrast to IPv4’s 32 bits, this is a huge step up. IPv4 allows for 4.3 billion unique addresses whereas IPv6 can work with trillions.

Challenges

The migration to a completely new technology will of course present its own set of unique challenges. Let us take a look.

1. Lack of Knowledge

IPv6 is still in its infancy. It has barely begun infiltration into the industry and as such, most network administrators are not familiar with the protocol. The consequence is that there are a lot of security risks that may be present which will not be obvious the admins since they are not familiar with the system. Hackers with better knowledge can find these loopholes and attack your system.

2. Transitional Cost

Businesses have already invested a large portion of their funds into a secure IPv4 network, along with the resources needed. On top of that IPv4 uses NAT (Network Address Transition) which, despite its problems, works. Setting up a completely different system would mean huge financial expenditure for the company. Neither users nor ISP providers care about the IP version used. All of this combined makes the cost of transitional usually not worth the move.

3. Dealing with Complexity

IPv6 is much more complex than version 4 and the migration will be that much more difficult. Entire departments will need to be overhauled and all workstations must be updated in order to accommodate the new system of protocols. This will require huge levels of organization and co-operation. Productivity will be lost during the change with only little gain following, making the decision to migrate to IPv6 even seem even more unsuitable.

4. Dealing with Legacy Systems

Legacy systems are basically older systems that are missing functionalities of newer technologies but continue to exist due to some key requirement. Since they still manage to function, often network admins do not see a reason to replace them. However, with the advent of IPv6 all these devices must be replaced and newer technologies incorporated. If the device cannot utilize version 6 addresses, there will be conflicts in the network and the system will not work efficiently, thus negating any benefits of the move.

5. Cleaning Current IPv4 Inventory

IPv4 has an active inventory that include deices, equipment and services like DNS and DHCP. Changing the version to 6 means completely having to change the inventory and start from scratch. When deleting IPv4 from the system, administrators need to ensure all links to the version have been deleted and incorporated into v6. This is the final step of the migration process. Careful planning and even more careful execution is key. Errors in this step can lead the entire network to cease functioning and your entire migration to have been in vain.

While the world is slowly moving to the newer version of Internet Protocols, a complete migration is still far away. Despite its benefits, the transition holds too many risks and cons for many to justify the switch. Nevertheless, there will come a time when the entire world will need to shift its system and being one step ahead in the change will never be a downfall.